Prof. Dr. med. Wolfgang Kromer
         Specialist in Pharmacology and Toxicology            Specialist in Clinical Pharmacology


Born in 1943. Studies of human medicine. State examination in 1972. In 1973, Medical Doctor from Würzburg University (Institute of Pharmacology and Toxicology), and lisence to practise medicine. Clinical experience in internal medicine, surgery, anesthesia and neurology between 1972 and 1976. Last clinical appointment at the Clinic of Neurology, Munich University Hospital. Thereafter research scientist at the Institute of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Munich University. During this time cooperation with the Department of Neuropharmacology at the Max-Planck-Institute of Psychiatry, Munich. 1980 lisence as a specialist in Pharmacology and Toxicology. 1981 Postdoctoral lecturing qualification in Pharmacology and Toxicology (Dr. med. habil.). 1982 Appointment (permanent) as a Professor of Pharmacology at Hannover Medical School, Germany. 1984 Sabbatical at the National Institute for Medical Research, Division of Physical Biochemistry, Mill Hill, London, UK. 1985 Appointment as Head of Department Pharmacology-Gastroenterology at Altana Pharma AG Konstanz, Germany (now Takeda). 1987 Appointment as an Extraordinary Professor of Pharmacology (apl. Prof.) at Hannover Medical School. 1991 Lisence as a specialist in Clinical Pharmacology. Medical expert opinions, both clinical and preclinical. During professional life member of the American Gastroenterological Association (AGA), the German Pharmacological and Toxicological Association, the International Narcotic Research Club, and the Editorial Board of the international journal 'Pharmacology'.


Electromyographic and temperature measurements in the contracted human skeletal muscle. Pharmacological, physiological and biochemical studies on endogenous opioid functions, including pain control, intestinal motility and secretion, gastric secretion, and release of endogenous opioids. Voltage clamp experiments on the opioid receptor subtypes involved in the control of intestinal chloride secretion. Participation in muscarinic receptor binding studies in the rat cerebral cortex and heart. Characterization of muscarinic receptors in the isolated mouse stomach. Participation in the development of irreversible and reversible gastric proton pump inhibitors, in particular pantoprazole. Participation in microbiological sudies on Helicobacter pylori. And in 2022: Not really another research field but actually a thought trip into a ‚foreign territory‘, namely the 'basic nature of consciousness' - one of the most exciting topics in biology. See end of publications section: